Wednesday, August 19, 2015

Difference between animal and plant cells

Difference between animal and plant cells
S.No.
Animals Cells
Plant Cells
1
A cell wall is absent
Plant cell is covered by a rigid cell wall
2
Due to absence of cell wall the shape of animal cell is not firm.
The shape is firm
3
A tissue fluid generally bathes the cells
Tissues fluid does not occur in plants
4
Protoplasm fills the whole cell
It is generally peripheral
5
Vacuoles are generally absent if present then they are small
Plant cell has a large central vacuole
6
Nucleus is usually rounded and lies in the centre
It is usually oval and lies in the peripheral cytoplasm
7
Adjacent cells are held together by various types of junctions
Cells are held together by middle lamella.
8
If kept in hypotonic solution animal cell may burst
If kept in hypotonic solution cell swells but does not burst
9
Plastids are absent
Plastids are present
10
Cristae of mitochondria are plate like
These are tubular
11
Golgi complex is commonly a single complex
Golgi complex is made of a number of distinct units called dictyosomes
12
Centrosome is present
Centrosome is absent except in some lower forms
13
Glyoxysomes are absent
These are present in plant cells
14
Lysosome are present
Lysosome are rare
15
Intermediate fibres occur in cytoplasm
Intermediate fibres are absent in cytoplasm
16
Spindle apparatus is amphiastral
Spindle apparatus is anastral
17
Cell division by cell furrow method
Cell division occurs by cell plate method.



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Asthra