Tuesday, March 10, 2015

TAXONOMY - PLANT WISE COMMON NAME , BOTANICAL NAME AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE

COMMON NAME
BOTANICAL NAME
FAMILY NAME
ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE
OTHER SPECIAL CHARACTER 
Red gram/
Pigeon Pea
Cajanus cajan
Fabaceae
Cotyledons are rich in proteins hence used as pulses
---
Bengal gram /Chick pea
Cicer arietinum
Fabaceae
Cotyledons are rich in proteins hence used as pulses
---
Black gram
Phaseolus mungo
Fabaceae
Cotyledons are rich in proteins hence used as pulses
Fodder
Green gram
Phaseolus aureus
Fabaceae
Cotyledons are rich in proteins hence used as pulses
Fodder
Ground nut
Arachis hypogea
Fabaceae
Seeds are used as vegetables and Seeds give edible oil
Indehiscent geocarpic pods
Bean
Dolichos lablab
Fabaceae
Pods are used as vegetables
Twinner , Protein rich varieties are produced by IARI
Garden pea
Pisum sativum
Fabaceae
Seeds are used as vegetables
Tendrillar climber
2n = 14,Mendel’s experimental plant.
Protein rich varieties are produced by IARI
Wild pea
Lathyrus sativus
Fabaceae
Seeds are taken as food
---
Lentil
Lens culinaris culinaris Williams
Fabaceae
Major  grain legume crop in North America
---
Sun hemp
Crotalaria juncea
Fabaceae
Fiber yielding plant
---
Indian rosewood
Dalbergia latifolia
Fabaceae
Timber yielding plant
---
Soybean
Glycine max
Fabaceae
Pods are used as vegetables ,Seeds give edible oil
Transgenic variety ‘Round up ready ‘ is herbiside tolerant
Kanuga(petroplant)
Derris indica /Pongamia pinnata
Fabaceae

Used as Petro  plant along with Jatropa 
Red sanders
Ptrocarpus santalinus
Fabaceae
Timber yielding plant
---
Fenugreek/Menthi
Trigonella foenum-graecum
Fabaceae
leaves are used as vegetables
---
Indigo plant
Indigofera tinctoria
Fabaceae
Blue dye is obtained from leaves
---
Flame of the forest
Butea monosperma
Fabaceae
Yellow dye  is obtained from flowers
---
Avisa
Sesbania sesban
Fabaceae
Green manure
---
Vempali
Tephrosia purpurea
Fabaceae
Green manure
---
Sweet pea
Lathyrus odoratus
Fabaceae
---
Symbiotic nitrogen fifxation
Alfalfa
Medicago sativa
Fabaceae
---
Symbiotic nitrogen fifxation
Sweet clover
Melilotus officinalis
Fabaceae
---
Symbiotic nitrogen fifxation
Broad bean /Faba bean
Vicia faba
Fabaceae
---
Symbiotic nitrogen fifxation
Protein rich varieties are produced by IARI
Clover bean
Trifolium sps
Fabaceae
---
Symbiotic nitrogen fifxation





Cow pea
Vigna unguiculata
Fabaceae
Variety name
 Pusa komal
Resistant to bacterial blight
Mung bean
Vigna radiata
Fabaceae
Variety name Mutant mung bean
Resistant to yellow mosaic virus and powdery mildew
Flat bean/French bean
Phaseolus vulgaris

Fabaceae
Variety name
Pusa sem 2
Pusa sem 3
Resistant to insect pests like jassids, aphids and fruit borer.
Protein rich varieties are produced by IARI
Belladonna
Atropa belladonna
Solanaceae
Medicinal plant
           ----------
Chilli
Capsicum fruitescence
Solanaceae
Fruits /fruit powder used as spice
Unilocular ovary
Pusa Sadabahar variety is resistant to chilli mosaic virus , tobacco mosaic virus and leaf curl

Night queen
Cestrum nocturnum
Solanaceae
Ornamental plant
Shrub
Day king
Cestrum diurnum
Solanaceae
Ornamental plant
Shrub
Thorn apple
Datur metel
Solanaceae
           ---------
Protogynous flowers , Capsule fruit, Corolla –twisted
Tomato
Lycopersicon esculentum
Solanaceae
Berries are used as vegetables
Transgenic tomato Flavr Savr is bruise resistant and delayed ripening variety
Vit ‘C’ enriched  variety is produced by IARI
Transgenic tomato is resistant to Pseudomonas
Tobacco
Nicotiana tabaccum
Solanaceae
Alkaloid –nicotine
Leaves are used for making of cigarettes
Commercial crop,
Transgeni variety is resistant to nematode pest Meloidegyne incognitia

Petunia
Petunia alba
Solanaceae
Ornamental plant

Brinjal
Solanum melongina
Solanaceae
Berries are used as vegetables
Protogynous flowers, corolla -valvate
Potato
Solanum tuberosum
Solanaceae
Stem tubers are used as vegetables
2n=48, Transgenic variety is resistant to Phytophthora
Aswagandha
Withania somnifera 
Solanaceae
Medicinal plant
          ---------
Kamanchi / Makoi
Solanum nigrum
Solanaceae
Medicinal plant
          ---------
Onion
Allium cepa
Liliaceae
Bulbs used as vegetables
Tunicated bulb , scapiferous umbel, epiphyllous stamens , gamophyllous perianth
Garlic
Allium sativum
Liliaceae
Cloves used as spice
Intermediate bulb
Lily
Lilium candidum
Liliaceae
Ornamental plant
Naked bulb,  epiphyllous stamens
Asparagus
Asparagus racemosus
Liliaceae
Ornamental plant, tuberous roots are used as vegetables
Cylindrical cladodes Scale leaves , spines , racemose inflorescence, berry fruit
Butchers broom
Ruscus aculiata
Liliaceae
     --------------------
Leaf like cladodes
Aloe
Aloe vera
Liliaceae
Medicinal plant
Spinous leaf margin, leaf succulent
Medow saffron
Colchicum autumnale
Liliaceae
Chemical mutagen colchicine is obtained from seeds
Stem – rhizome
Protogynous flowers
Red dragon
Dracaena aungustifolia
Liliaceae
Fiber yielding plant
    ---------------
Glory lily
Gloriosa superba
Liliaceae
Ornamental plant , Medicinal plant
Herkogamous flowers
Sarasaparilla
Smilax zeylanica
Liliaceae
Medicinal plant
Tendrillar stipules , reticulate venation
Spanish dogger
Yucca gloriosa
Liliaceae
Fiber yielding plant
Symbiotic pollination by Tegeticula yuccasella
Tulip
Tulipa montana
Liliaceae
Ornamental plant
Mosaic break is caused by viruses 
Squill
Scilla indica
Liliaceae
Medicinal plant
Tunicated bulb

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ASTHRA JUNIOR COLLEGE , VIJAYAWADA